The joint capsules of the muscles, cartilage, ligaments, and tendon structures are all part of orthopedics, which is the field of medicine and surgery that deals with the skeleton and joints of the body. Orthopedic problems are classified into two types based on the root cause and the structure(s) affected.

It is essential to recognize that some of these diseases can be found from birth, implying animals were born suffering from these conditions. Genetic predispositions might play a role in developing different conditions in the orthopedic system. Orthopedic problems may also arise because of injuries, immune illnesses, metabolic issues, or simply aging.

Bone Issues in Our Pets

Bone health is vital to a pet’s overall well-being because they are the foundation for the other parts of the human body. Many bone-related diseases can be a problem for pets, but many have similar symptoms, like limping and pain. Pet owners must be aware of the many bone disorders that may affect their animals.

1. Arthritis

Arthritis can cause joint inflammation. Young animals could develop arthritis because of trauma or congenital malformation of the joint. If cartilage, a stress absorber between bones, is injured or impaired, pain and inflammation result. Your pet may experience difficulty jumping and climbing stairs when arthritis takes hold. Dogs with arthritis may stumble or walk differently.

Weight loss is beneficial for arthritis-stricken pets. Inspire regular, moderate activity to burn calories and lessen stiffness without straining the joints. Water-loving dogs may try swimming. Your veterinarian may recommend joint supplements and painkillers, laser therapy, or Acupuncture. Hip or elbow dysplasia needs surgery to treat.

2. Infection

A bite wound, fracture, or laceration that damages the skin barrier can cause osteomyelitis. Bloodstream infections can infect the bone. Dogs with bone problems show lethargy, fever, and decreased appetite. The affected region is often painful and red, swelling, and warm to the skin. 

Your pet will likely require a veterinary emergency and critical care checkup, including urine and blood tests, bacterial or fungal cultures, and radiographs. Based on the infection severity, the pet may require antibiotics, hospitalization, or even surgery.

3. Metabolic Disorders

The most common abnormalities of bone metabolism for dogs are panosteitis osteochondrosis and hypertrophic osteodystrophy. The three bone problems are more prevalent in large dogs and giant breed puppies. Exams and radiographic findings help to determine the diagnosis. Treatment requires pain control. 

Dogs suffering from these conditions with issues that can affect your whole body sometimes need extra care, like intravenous fluid therapy, to help them improve their health. The use of pain and anti-inflammatory medication can aid dogs suffering from osteochondrosis, but surgery is the best option.

Studies show that pets which have undergone veterinary sterilizaiton also lives longer. You can also consider having it spayed or neutered to avoid illnesses that can be fatal to your pet. 

4. Fractures

Trauma causes pet fractures. Falls, accidents, and animal fights can shatter bones. Complex or open fractures may include bones protruding from the skin. Prompt treatment is needed to prevent the risk of infection. Pets with fractures are in great pain and could bite when handled. 

Take care when handling pets injured and try to stop the broken bones from moving. A splint and rest could be enough depending on the extent of the fracture and its location. Open and closed fractures with numerous breaks or a long fracture line need surgery. 

The use of antibiotics is required for treating open fractures. If you ought to know more about the different procedures in veterinary orthopedics, you can click here for more info

5. Bone Cancer

Pets can develop bone tumors in limbs, toes, spinal vertebrae, ribs, and the skull. Tumors may begin in the bone and spread via metastasis from other areas. A variety of tests are required to determine whether bone lesions are cancerous and what form of tumor it’s. 

The veterinarian treating your pet’s pet will perform a physical checkup, including blood tests and various scans, to determine the presence of metastasis and stage the pet’s condition before developing the best treatment strategy.